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May 29

beijingBeijing (Chinese 北京 Běijīng) is the capital of the most populous country in the world, the People’s Republic of China.  It was also the seat of the Ming and Qing dynasty emperors until the formation of a republic in 1911. As such it is rich in historical sites and important government institutions. As a Chinese it is honor for me to guaid you an exciting Beijing Vacation. Of course every earthman knows that Beijing will be hosting the Summer Olympics on August 8-24, 2008. It is also a worldwide festival, hope you will all enjoy the trip in Beijing. 

Beijing is well known for its flatness and regular construction. There is only one hill to be found in the city limits (in Jingshan Park to the north of the famous Forbidden City). Like the configuration of the Forbidden City, Beijing has concentric “ring roads”, which are actually rectangular, that go around the metropolis. 

The most attracting spot is the Forbidden City (Chinese 故宫 Gù Gōng) lying at the center of Beijing.It is also known as  the Palace Museum. The Forbidden City is gugongdivided into two parts. The southern section, or the Outer Court was where the emperor exercised his supreme power over the nation. The northern section, or the Inner Court was where he lived with his royal family. Until 1924 when the last emperor of China was driven from the Inner Court, fourteen emperors of the Ming dynasty and ten emperors of the Qing dynasty had reigned here. Having been the imperial palace for some five centuries, it houses numerous rare treasures and curiosities. Listed by UNESCO as a World Cultural Heritage Site in 1987, the Palace Museum is now one of the most popular tourist attractions world-wide.

How to get there? By subway, No.1 get off in the station of Tian An Men West or Tian An Men East.

By bus: the bus station in the same name for line 1,4,52 and 728 is also convenient for catch in the Chang An Street. Alternatively, the bus station of “Gugong” for line 101,109 and 810 is sitting in the north gate of Forbidden City. Night Bus: No. 202 and 211. 

Tips: 1. You can rent an audio guided tour which explains certain temples and their uses for ¥40 with a ¥100 deposit (Available in several languages including Chinese, Cantonese, English, French, Japanese, German, Korean, Russian, Thai, Portuguese, Spanish, Arabic and Italian).

2. Chinese, English and Japanese-speaking tour guides are available.

3. Tourist souvenirs, books, food and drink as well as a post office are all available.

4. Bags can be deposited free of charge at the Meridian Gate (Wumen) and Gate of Divine Might (Shenwu Men) from 8:30 to 18:00. If desired, bags can be carried between the two gates after going through a security check.

5. Wheelchairs & Strollers are available from the tour guide service at the Meridian Gate (Wumen) and Gate of Divine Might (Shenwu Men), free of charge. 

6. Tourist Service Center located at the Arrow Pavilion (Jianting).

tiantan Temple of Heaven(Chinese 天坛 Tiāntán), it is another worthwhile visiting place in Beijing. It is much bigger than the Forbidden City and smaller than the Summer Palace with an area of about 2,700,000 square meters. The Temple was built in 1420 A.D. during the Ming Dynasty to offer sacrifice to Heaven. As Chinese emperors called themselves ‘The Son of Heaven’ ,they dared not to build their own dwelling,’Forbidden City’ bigger than a dwelling for Heaven. The Temple of Heaven is enclosed with a long wall. The northern part within the wall is semicircular symbolizing the heavens and the southern part is square symbolizing the earth. The northern part is higher than the southern part. This design shows that the heaven is high and the earth is low and the design reflected an ancient Chinese thought of ‘The heaven is round and the earth is square’. The most magnificent buildings are The Circular Mound Altar (Yuanqiutan), Imperial Vault of Heaven (Huangqiongyu) and Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest (Qiniandian) from south to north.

How to get there? By buses 2, 7, 17, 20, 110, 120, 803, 814, 826 to the West Gate (天坛西门 Tiāntán Xīmén); or buses 35 and 106 to the North Gate (天坛北门 Tiāntán Běimén).  yiheyuan

Summer Palace (Chinese 颐和园 Yíhé yuán) situated in the western outskirts of Haidian District, the Summer Palace is  15 kilometers (9.3 miles) from central Beijing. Having the largest royal park and being well preserved, it was designated, in 1960 by the State Council, as a Key Cultural Relics Protection Site of China. The Summer Palace is the archetypal Chinese garden, and is ranked amongst the most noted and classical gardens of the world. In 1998, it was listed as one of the World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Composed mainly of Longevity Hill and Kunming Lake, The Summer Palace occupies an area of 294 hectares (726.5 acres), three quarters of which is water. Guided by nature, artists designed the gardens exquisitely so that visitors would see marvelous views and be amazed by perfect examples of refined craftwork using the finest materials.

How to get there: Take bus No. 907, 375, 801, 808, 732, 394, 718 could get there.

Lodge: Beijing is a travel city and millions of travellers from all over the world come there whole year. Then book a hotel in advance is a wise choice. Especially during the golden season autumn. Make your reservation by Hotels Combined and click the city Beijing. You could make your hotel choice which is most convenience for you.

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written by ChinaJoy \\ tags: , , , , ,

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